The decision-related psychosocial concerns of men with localised prostate cancer: targets for intervention and research
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Purpose: To describe decision-related psychosocial issues relevant for men with clinically localised prostate cancer. Methods: Searches were conducted across three electronic databases to search the health and psychological literature for articles examining decision-related psychosocial issues for men with localised prostate cancer and their partners. Medline, PsycINFO and CINAHL databases were examined for the period from 1990 to December 2007. Results: Most men with localised prostate cancer want active involvement in decision-making. Difficulty in making the decision is common and decision-related distress may persist over time. Cancer-specific psychological distress (such as fear of recurrence but not overall anxiety) appears to be related to changes in PSA levels; and this distress influences treatment pathways. Decision support interventions are acceptable to men, improve knowledge and might reduce decision and cancer-related distress. However, the quality of intervention studies to date is low. Conclusion: Clinicians should seek to involve men and their partners in treatment decision making concurrent with decision and psychological support. There is a need for high quality randomised control trials to identify the optimal approach to decision support for men with clinically localised prostate cancer. 頓pringer-Verlag 2008.
World Journal of Urology
Nephrology and Urology