Securing Twenty-First Century Societies
The chapters in this collection explore differing approaches to migrants’ insecurity, emphasizing the mutually constituted notions of both individual and social attitudes to security for formerly displaced populations. Rather than reprise state based approaches to security, contributors instead consider experiences of insecurity that recognize the dual importance of both legal borders and less visible barriers to community engagement. Under the influence of new technologies, constructs of community and security have undergone profound change throughout the Global North. Many of the authors highlight an increasing tension throughout the first decade of the twenty-first century, whereby states’ tightened control of international borders has rendered participation in local communities increasingly fraught and contested. Therefore, local spaces have become vital sites, providing space in which to enact identifications with multiple localities beyond that immediately experienced. As multiple contributors argue, this has had a profound implication for modern forms of civic identity and community inclusion. Underlying this tension are the substantial changes in the nature of world migration that have occurred in recent decades. Following the Second World War, the dominant image of the irregular migrant in the Global North was of white refugees, displaced from their homes by the devastation of war and the onset of the Iron Curtain. Many of these Europeans settled within states of the Global North, such as Australia, where they were welcomed as valuable additions to their hosts’ credentials as cultivated nations. By the end of the twentieth century, this image had given way to one of irregular migrants from the Global South seeking to gain entry into developed nations. Such arrivals raised new questions regarding the relationship between asylum and pragmatic concepts of nation building, focusing attention on appropriate responses to the presence of visibly different and disadvantaged minorities in local communities.
Migration and Insecurity: Citizenship and social inclusion in a transnational era
Studies in Human Society not elsewhere classified