Populism and Religion
The sustained rise of populists across Western societies represents a relatively recent historical phenomenon. Until the end of the 1960s, populists were rare occurrences in established democracies, with only sporadic cases such as Pierre Poujade in France and George Wallace in the United States. The ensuing decades, however, have witnessed their increasingly widespread emergence and, in many cases, consolidation. First came the anti-tax populist parties in early 1970s Scandinavia, followed by the creation of extreme-right movements which would also come to be considered populist such as the Front National (FN-National Front) in France. These trends continued in the 1980s, both with the founding of new parties like the ethno-regionalist populist Lega Lombarda (LL-Lombard League)1 in Italy, and the transformation of more traditional right-wing parties like the Schweizerische Volkspartei (SVP-Swiss People's Party) and the Freiheitliche Partei Osterreichs (FPO-Austrian Freedom Party) into radical populist parties. Finally, since the 1990s, we have seen many other successful newcomers like the UK Independence Party (UKIP), Law and Justice (PiS-Prawo i Sprawiedliwosc) in Poland, Geert Wilders' Partij voor de Vrijheid (PVV-Party for Freedom) in the Netherlands and the Tea Party (TP) movement in the United States. Given this ongoing trend, Western democracies without strong populists have now become the exception rather than the rule.
Saving the People: How Populists Hijack Religion
Comparative Government and Politics