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dc.contributor.authorCumming, Janeten_US
dc.contributor.authorHawker, Darrylen_US
dc.contributor.authorW. Nugent, Kerryen_US
dc.contributor.authorChapman, Heatheren_US
dc.contributor.editorDr. Shahamat U Khan (Editor-in-Chief)en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-24T08:18:08Z
dc.date.available2017-04-24T08:18:08Z
dc.date.issued2008en_US
dc.date.modified2011-06-30T08:40:23Z
dc.identifier.issn10934529en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/23687
dc.description.abstractThe toxicity of 11 polyquaterniums used in cosmetic applications, and polydimethyldiallylammonium chloride (poly(DADMAC)) were studied for toxicity of the polyquaternium alone, and of a polyquaternium/anionic surfactant complex as occurs in some cosmetic formulations. The surfactant used in the study was sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), which is used in cosmetic formulations under its International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients (INCI) name Sodium Laurel Sulfate. In fish immobilization studies with Gambusia holbrooki, the EC50 of the polyquaternium/surfactant complex was found to be the same as or similar to the EC50 for the polyquaternium alone. The toxicity of the polyquaterniums investigated was similar to the published values for other cationic polyelectrolytes and cationic surfactants, in the range from <1.0 to 10 mg/L, with the exception of low charge density cellulosic polyquaterniums. The anionic surfactant alone was not toxic to fish in the concentration range tested. Results thus showed the toxicity of the polyquaternium was not mitigated by the presence of the anionic surfactant.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis Inc.en_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.publisher.urihttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10934520701781160en_AU
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom113en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto117en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A: Toxic Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineeringen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume43en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode259902en_US
dc.titleEcotoxicities of polyquaterniums and their associated polyelectrolyte-surfactant aggregates (PSA) to Gambusia holbrookien_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, Griffith School of Environmenten_US
gro.date.issued2008
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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