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dc.contributor.authorAdelman, Howarden_US
dc.contributor.editorStephen John Stedman & Fred Tanneren_US
dc.description.abstractSince World War II, refugee organizations have faced a recurrent challenge: the manipulation of refugees by warring parties to further their own aims. Some armies in civil wars, facing military defeat, use refugees as assets to establish the international legitimacy of their cause, treat refugee camps as sanctuaries and recruitment pools and limit access to refugees to ensure that they will not repatriate. Focusing on the geopolitical security environment surrounding militarized camps and the response of humanitarian agencies, the contributors to this volume examine the ways armed groups manipulate refugees and how and why international actors assist their manipulation. They then offer suggestions for reducing the ability of such groups to use the suffering of refugees to their own advantage. The contributors examine three cases: Cambodian refugees along the Thai border in the 1970s and 1980s; Afghan refugees in Pakistan in the 1980s and 1990s; and Rwandan refugees in Eastern Zaire from 1994-96.en_US
dc.publisherBrookings Institutution Pressen_US
dc.publisher.placeWashington, DCen_US
dc.relation.ispartofbooktitleRefugee Manipulation: War, Politics, and the Abuse of Human Sufferingen_US
dc.titleThe Use and Abuse of Refugees in Zaireen_US
dc.typeBook chapteren_US
dc.type.descriptionB2 - Book Chapters (Non HERDC Eligible)en_US
dc.type.codeB - Book Chaptersen_US
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text

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