Environmental performance assessment in China and Hong Kong
Environmental Management System (EMS) has recently been advocated for almost all economic sectors. However, the implementation of EMS is problematic for the construction industry. The greatest obstacle is the lack of objective performance evaluation criteria. To overcome this, Environmental Performance Assessment (EPA) has been introduced, to provide assessments in terms of management and operational systems. This paper compares the status of EPA implementation in China and Hong Kong. By means of a questionnaire survey, the difficulties in implementing EPA are highlighted, the major ones being 'Lack of technological support, such as training, staff and expertise' and 'Lack of commitment from senior staff' in Hong Kong and Mainland China, respectively. Furthermore, 'Lack of legal enforcement' is found more profound in Mainland China than in Hong Kong, indicated by a low correlation coefficient between the rankings of these factors in Hong Kong and China. Meanwhile, 'Promoting EPA as a legal requirements' and 'Inclusion of EPA in the tendering requirements' are found to be the best tools for encouraging implementation of EPA. Although the difficulties in implementing EPA are different in the two regions, the motivations for EPA are similar, with a high correlation coefficient.
Building Research & Information