Computing Eysenck's personality types: A closer look at the standard method
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Liyanage (2004) carried out a major study to investigate the relationship between personality type and choice of English as a Second Language (ESL) learning strategies for a group of 886 participants in Sri Lanka. Liyanage used the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) to measure personality type in that study. The manual of the EPQ (1991) indicates that participants can be assigned to four personality types (Choleric, Sanguine, Melancholic, and Phlegmatic) by comparing the total scores on two subscales (Extroversion; Neuroticism). However, in the Sri Lankan study, this total score method resulted in a gross imbalance in the assignment of participants to specific personality types. The present paper reports and compares outcomes based on the total score method with an alternative approach to computing personality type that produced more balanced outcomes. It discusses logical links between the use of these methods and the outcomes of previous investigations of the links between personality type and language learning strategies.
Stimulating the "Action" as Participants in Participatory Research
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