Differences in mouse strain influence leukocyte and immunoglobulin phenotype response to Porphyromonas gingivalis
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This study examined the nature of the infiltrating cells in Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced lesions and immunoglobulins in the serum samples of BALB/c (H-2d), C57BL6 (H-2b), DBA/2J (H-2d) and CBA/CaH (H-2k) mice. Mice were immunized intraperitoneally with P. gingivalis outer membrane antigens or sham-immunized with phosphate-buffered saline followed by subcutaneous challenge with live organisms 1 week after the final immunization. The resulting skin abscesses were excised 7 days later, cryostat sections cut and an immunoperoxidase method used to detect the presence of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell subsets, CD14+ macrophages and CD19+ B cells. Peroxidase positive neutrophils and IgG1- and IgG2a-producing plasma cells were also identified. Anti P. gingivalis IgG1 and IgG2a subclass antibodies were determined in serum obtained by cardiac puncture. Very few CD8+ T cells and CD19+ B cells were found in any of the lesions. The percentages of CD4+ cells, CD14+ cells and neutrophils were similar in lesions of immunized BALB/c and C57BL6 mice, with a trend towards a higher percentage of CD14+ cells in sham-immunized mice. The percentage of CD14+ cells was higher than that of CD4+ cells in immunized compared with sham-immunized DBA/2J mice. The percentages of CD4+ and CD14+ cells predominated in immunized CBA/CaH mice and CD4+ cells in sham-immunized CBA/CaH mice. The percentage of neutrophils in immunized CBA/CaH mice was significantly lower than that of CD14+ cells and CD4+ cells in sham-immunized mice. IgG1+ plasma cells were more dominant than IgG2a+ cells in immunized BALB/c, C57BL6 and DBA/2J mice, whereas IgG2a+ plasma cells were more obvious in sham-immunized mice. IgG2a+ plasma cells were predominant in immunized and sham-immunized CBA/CaH mice. In the serum, specific anti-P. gingivalis IgG2a antibody levels (Th1 response) were higher than IgG1 levels (Th2 response) in sham-immunized CBA/CaH and DBA/2J mice. In immunized BALB/c mice, IgG2a levels were lower than IgG1 levels, while IgG2a levels were higher in immunized C57BL6 mice. In conclusion, this study has shown differences in the proportion of infiltrating leukocytes and in the subclasses of immunoglobulin produced locally and systemically in response to P. gingivalis in different strains of mice, suggesting a degree of genetic control over the response to P. gingivalis.
Oral Microbiology and Immunology