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dc.contributor.authorVaernik, Airi
dc.contributor.authorKolves, Kairi
dc.contributor.authorAllik, Jueri
dc.contributor.authorArensman, Ella
dc.contributor.authorAromaa, Esa
dc.contributor.authorvan Audenhove, Chantal
dc.contributor.authorBouleauh, Jean-Herve
dc.contributor.authorvan der Feltz-Cornelis, Christina M
dc.contributor.authorGiupponi, Giancarlo
dc.contributor.authorGusmao, Ricardo
dc.contributor.authorKopp, Maria
dc.contributor.authorMarusic, Andrej
dc.contributor.authorMaxwell, Margaret
dc.contributor.authorOskarsson, Hogni
dc.contributor.authorPalmer, Ann
dc.contributor.authorPull, Charles
dc.contributor.authorRealo, Anu
dc.contributor.authorReisch, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorSchmidtke, Armin
dc.contributor.authorSola, Victor Perez
dc.contributor.authorWittenburg, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorHegerl, Ulrich
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:29:02Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:29:02Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.date.modified2009-10-21T05:33:00Z
dc.identifier.issn0165-0327
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jad.2008.06.004
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/26145
dc.description.abstractBackground: No recent cross-country examinations for youth suicide trends and methods for Europe were found. Aim: The aim of the study is to specify differences in suicide rates, trends and methods used among 15-24 years olds by gender across 15 European countries. Method: Data for 14,738 suicide cases in the age group 15-24 in 2000-2004/5 were obtained and analysed. Results: Suicide rates ranged 5.5-35.1 for males and 1.3-8.5 for females. Statistically significant decline since 2000 was observed in Germany, Scotland, Spain, and England for males and in Ireland for females. Hanging was most frequently used for both genders, followed by jumping and use of a moving object for males and jumping and poisoning by drugs for females. Male suicides had a higher risk than females of using firearms and hanging and lower risk of poisoning by drugs and jumping. There were large differences between single countries. Limitations: The limitations of the study are the small numbers of specific suicide methods in some countries as well as the recategorisation of ICD-9 codes into ICD-10 in England, Ireland and Portugal. Further, the use of suicides (X60-X84) without events of undetermined deaths (Y10-Y34) continues to be problematic considering the possibility of "hidden suicides". Conclusions: The present study shows that suicide rates among young males are decreasing since 2000 in several European countries. Analysis of suicide methods confirms that there is a very high proportion of hanging in youths, which is extremely difficult to restrict. However, besides hanging there are also high rates of preventable suicide methods and reducing the availability of means should be one of the goals of suicide prevention.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands
dc.publisher.urihttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/01650327
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom216
dc.relation.ispartofpageto226
dc.relation.ispartofissue3
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Affective Disorders
dc.relation.ispartofvolume113
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiomedical and clinical sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEpidemiology not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode32
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode420299
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode52
dc.titleGender issues in suicide rates, trends and methods among youths aged 15–24 in 15 European countries
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.date.issued2009
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorKolves, Kairi


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