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dc.contributor.authorDray, A
dc.contributor.authorMazerolle, L
dc.contributor.authorPerez, P
dc.contributor.authorRitter, A
dc.contributor.editorDavid Weisburd (Editor-in-Chief)
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T16:56:29Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T16:56:29Z
dc.date.issued2008
dc.date.modified2010-08-30T07:03:44Z
dc.identifier.issn1573-3750
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11292-008-9057-1
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/26186
dc.description.abstractOur paper examines how street-level drug markets adapt to a macro-level disruption to the supply of heroin, under three experimental conditions of street-level drug law enforcement: random patrol, hot-spot policing and problem-orientated policing. We utilize an agent-based model to explore the relative impact of abstractions of these three law enforcement strategies after simulating an 'external shock' to the supply of heroin to the street-level drug market. We use 3 years of data, which include the period of the 'heroin drought' in Melbourne (Australia) that commenced in late 2000 and early 2001, to measure changes in a selected range of crime and harm indicators under the three policing conditions. Our results show that macro-level disruptions to drug supply have a limited impact on street-level market dynamics when there is a ready replacement drug. By contrast, street-level police interventions are shown to vary in their capacity to alter drug market dynamics. Importantly, our laboratory abstraction of problem-orientated policing is shown to be the optimal strategy to disrupt street-level injecting-drug markets, reduce crimes and minimize harm, regardless of the type of drug being supplied to the market.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSpringer Netherlands
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom267
dc.relation.ispartofpageto287
dc.relation.ispartofissue3
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Experimental Criminology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume4
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminology not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode160299
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1602
dc.titlePolicing Australia's 'heroin drought': Using an agent-based model to simulate alternative outcomes
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.date.issued2008
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorMazerolle, Lorraine A.


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