Epidemiological evaluation of the multifactorial aetiology of abfractions
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The purpose of this study was to determine risk indicators for the aetiology of abfractions (cervical wedge-shaped defects) on teeth using dental and medical variables obtained in a population-based sample of the cross-sectional epidemiological 'Study of Health in Pomerania' (SHIP). Medical history, dental, and sociodemographic parameters of 2707 representatively selected subjects 20-59 years of age with more than four natural teeth were checked for associations with the occurrence of abfractions using a two-level logistic regression model on a tooth and a subject level. The estimated prevalence of developing abfractions generally increased with age. The following independent variables were associated with the occurrence of abfractions: buccal recession of the gingiva, odds ratio (OR) = 6緻 occlusal wear facets of scores 1, 2 and 3, OR = 1絬 1繬 1繻 tilted teeth, OR = 1紻 inlays, OR = 1綻 toothbrushing behaviour, OR = 1繠to 2簠(two and three times a day versus once a day). First premolars had the highest estimated risk for developing abfractions, followed by the second premolars. Maxillary and mandibular teeth behaved similarly in terms of abfractions, with the exception of mandibular canines, which had a much lower estimated risk of incurring abfractions than did maxillary canines. The results of this analysis indicated that abfractions are associated with occlusal factors, like occlusal wear, inlay restorations, altered tooth position and tooth brushing behaviour. This study delivers further evidence for a multifactorial aetiology of abfractions.
Journal of Oral Rehabilitation