A preliminary investigation into the effect of axial load on piles subjected to soil movement
A new experimental apparatus was developed, which allows lateral soil movements and vertical load to be applied simultaneously to a pile. With this apparatus, a large number of tests were undertaken on instrumented piles embedded in sand. In this paper, based on four test results, preliminary analysis is presented to demonstrate the increase in bending moment, shear force, soil reaction, and the change of pile deflection mode due to axial load on the pile.
Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics ISFOG 2005