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dc.contributor.authorLawton, Laura J
dc.contributor.editorRichard R. Perdue
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T13:24:50Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T13:24:50Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.date.modified2010-11-03T07:04:04Z
dc.identifier.issn0047-2875
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0047287509332330
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/26790
dc.description.abstractA survey of 108 U.S.-based birding festivals reveals overall basic adherence to ecotourism criteria, although cluster analysis reveals four distinct subgroups whose members are labeled as normatives (47%), minimalists (30%), recruiters (15%), and fund-raisers (8%). Formal identification with ecotourism through promotion or membership was low and did not predict cluster membership or increase in visitor numbers. Hence, while ecotourism organizations could benefit from an influx of birding festival memberships, the reciprocal benefits for birding festivals with regard to performance and sustainability outcomes are unclear.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.format.extent171368 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSage Publications
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom259
dc.relation.ispartofpageto267
dc.relation.ispartofissue2
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Travel Research
dc.relation.ispartofvolume48
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCommercial Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMarketing
dc.subject.fieldofresearchTourism
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1504
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1505
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1506
dc.titleBirding Festivals, Sustainability, and Ecotourism: An Ambiguous Relationship
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyGriffith Business School, Department of Tourism, Sport and Hotel Management
gro.rights.copyright© 2009 SAGE Publications. This is the author-manuscript version of the paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
gro.date.issued2009
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorLawton, Laura J.


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