Testing for Multipartite Quantum Nonlocality Using Functional Bell Inequalities
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We show that arbitrary functions of continuous variables, e.g., position and momentum, can be used to generate tests that distinguish quantum theory from local hidden variable theories. By optimizing these functions, we obtain more robust violations of local causality than obtained previously. We analytically calculate the optimal function and include the effect of nonideal detectors and noise, revealing that optimized functional inequalities are resistant to standard forms of decoherence. These inequalities could allow a loophole-free Bell test with efficient homodyne detection.
Physical Review Letters
Copyright 2009 American Physical Society. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Quantum Information, Computation and Communication
Quantum Physics not elsewhere classified