CVA file: an index structure for high-dimensional datasets
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Similarity search is important in information-retrieval applications where objects are usually represented as vectors of high dimensionality. This paper proposes a new dimensionality-reduction technique and an indexing mechanism for high-dimensional datasets. The proposed technique reduces the dimensions for which coordinates are less than a critical value with respect to each data vector. This flexible datawise dimensionality reduction contributes to improving indexing mechanisms for high-dimensional datasets that are in skewed distributions in all coordinates. To apply the proposed technique to information retrieval, a CVA file (compact VA file), which is a revised version of the VA file is developed. By using a CVA file, the size of index files is reduced further, while the tightness of the index bounds is held maximally. The effectiveness is confirmed by synthetic and real data.
Knowledge and Information Systems