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dc.contributor.authorBarnard, Ross
dc.contributor.authorGeorge, Carmel
dc.contributor.authorJacobs, Kathryn
dc.contributor.authorC. K. Wu, Andy
dc.contributor.authorNagasaki, Tomoko Kim
dc.contributor.authorShan, Jianguo
dc.contributor.authorGreenwood, Kathryn
dc.contributor.authorKachab, Edward
dc.contributor.editorDr. Kent B. Lewandrowski
dc.description.abstractAbstract: Detection of point mutations or single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is important in relation to disease susceptibility or detection in pathogens of mutations determining drug resistance or host range. There is an emergent need for rapid detection methods amenable to point-of-care applications. The purpose of this study was to reduce to practice a novel method for SNP detection and to demonstrate that this technology can be used downstream of nucleic acid amplification. The authors used a model system to develop an oligonucleotide-based SNP detection system on nitrocellulose lateral flow strips. To optimize the assay they used cloned sequences of the herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) DNA polymerase gene into which they introduced a point mutation. The assay system uses chimeric polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers that incorporate hexameric repeat tags (''hexapet tags''). The chimeric sequences allow capture of amplified products to predefined positions on a lateral flow strip. These ''hexapet'' sequences have minimal cross-reactivity and allow specific hybridization-based capture of the PCR products at room temperature onto lateral flow strips that have been striped with complementary hexapet tags. The allele-specific amplification was carried out with both mutant and wild-type primer sets present in the PCR mix (''competitive'' format). The resulting PCR products carried a hexapet tag that corresponded with either a wild-type or mutant sequence. The lateral flow strips are dropped into the PCR reaction tube, and mutant sequence and wild-type sequences diffuse along the strip and are captured at the corresponding position on the strip. A red line indicative of a positive reaction is visible after 1 minute. Unlike other systems that require separate reactions and strips for each target sequence, this system allows multiplex PCR reactions and multiplex detection on a single strip or other suitable substrates. Unambiguous visual discrimination of a point mutation under room temperature hybridization conditions was achieved with this model system in 10 minutes after PCR. The authors have developed a capture-based hybridization method for the detection and discrimination of HSV-1 DNA polymerase genes that contain a single nucleotide change. It has been demonstrated that the hexapet oligonucleotides can be adapted for hybridization on the lateral flow strip platform for discrimination of SNPs. This is the first step in demonstrating SNP detection on lateral flow using the hexapet oligonucleotide capture system. It is anticipated that this novel system can be widely used in point-of-care settings.
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPoint of Care
dc.subject.fieldofresearchImmunological and Bioassay Methods
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.titleDevelopment of an Oligonucleotide-Based SNP Detection Method on Lateral Flow Strips Using Hexapet Tags
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorShan, Jianguo

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