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dc.contributor.authorGeorge, Roy
dc.contributor.authorB. Rutley, Edward
dc.contributor.authorWalsh, Laurence J.
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T17:00:25Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T17:00:25Z
dc.date.issued2008
dc.date.modified2009-12-10T08:48:53Z
dc.identifier.issn00992399
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.joen.2008.05.003
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/27302
dc.description.abstractConsistent and reproducible evaluation techniques of the smear layer in root canals in scanning electron microscopy studies are needed when comparing various instruments and techniques. In this study, the performance of 3 experienced blinded evaluators applying the Hulsmann technique was compared with a digital analysis method. Smear layer in the apical third of root canals of 35 freshly extracted teeth prepared by using nickel-titanium rotary instruments, Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers was scored on coded images. There was good agreement between the digital analysis method and the different evaluators (kappa analysis) across the range of the Hulsmann scores. Image analysis might be useful for evaluating the degree of smear layer removal in endodontic research.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom999
dc.relation.ispartofpageto1002
dc.relation.ispartofissue8
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Endodontics
dc.relation.ispartofvolume34
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchDentistry not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchDentistry
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110599
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1105
dc.titleEvaluation of Smear Layer: A Comparison of Automated Image Analysis versus Expert Observers
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.date.issued2008
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorGeorge, Roy


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