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dc.contributor.authorFleischmann, Alexandraen_US
dc.contributor.authorM. Bertolote, Joseen_US
dc.contributor.authorDe Leo, Diegoen_US
dc.contributor.authorBotega, Neuryen_US
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.authorSisask, Merikeen_US
dc.contributor.authorVijayakumar, Lakshmien_US
dc.contributor.authorMalakouti, Kazemen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchlebusch, Lourensen_US
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Damanien_US
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, Van Tuongen_US
dc.contributor.authorWasserman, Danutaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T11:39:12Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T11:39:12Z
dc.date.issued2005en_US
dc.date.modified2010-09-08T04:56:10Z
dc.identifier.issn0033-2917en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033291705005416en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/27587
dc.description.abstractBackground. The objective was to describe patients presenting themselves at emergency-care settings following a suicide attempt in eight culturally different sites [Campinas (Brazil), Chennai (India), Colombo (Sri Lanka), Durban (South Africa), Hanoi (Viet Nam), Karaj (Iran), Tallinn (Estonia), and Yuncheng, (China)]. Method. Subjects seen for suicide attempts, as identified by the medical staff in the emergency units of 18 collaborating hospitals were asked to participate in a 45-minute structured interview administered by trained health personnel after the patient was medically stable. Results. Self-poisoning was the main method of attempting suicide in all eight sites. Self-poisoning by pesticides played a particularly important role in Yuncheng (71綥 females, 61絥 males), in Colombo (43粥 males, 19綥 females), and in Chennai (33縥 males, 23縥 females). The suicide attempt resulted in danger to life in the majority of patients in Yuncheng and in Chennai (over 65%). In four of the eight sites less than one-third of subjects received any type of referral for follow-up evaluation or care. Conclusions. Action for the prevention of suicide attempts can be started immediately in the sites investigated by addressing the one most important method of attempted suicide, namely self-poisoning. Regulations for the access to drugs, medicaments, pesticides, and other toxic substances need to be improved and revised regulations must be implemented by integrating the efforts of different sectors, such as health, agriculture, education, and justice. The care of patients who attempt suicide needs to include routine psychiatric and psychosocial assessment and systematic referral to professional services after discharge.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.format.extent117419 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdomen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom1467en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto1474en_US
dc.relation.ispartofedition2005en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPsychological Medicineen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume35en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode321206en_US
dc.titleCharacteristics of attempted suicides seen in emergency-care settings of general hospitals in eight low- and middle-income countries.en_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2005 Cambridge University Press. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.en_AU
gro.date.issued2005
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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