OM-174, a new adjuvant with a potential for human use, induces a protective response when administered with the synthetic C-terminal fragment 242-310 from the circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium berghei
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The goal of this project was the evaluation of a novel immunomodulatory adjuvant for human use, OM-174, which is a soluble adjuvant derived from Escherichia coli lipid A. For this study, we used a synthetic peptide, known for its safety and reproducibility and the murine model of BALB/c mice. The long peptide (PbCS 242-310) used corresponds to the C-terminal region of the circumsporozoite protein (CSP) that is the major protein on the surface of Plasmodium sporozoites. Subcutaneous injections of PbCS 242-310 in combination with soluble adjuvant OM-174 induced long lasting peptide-specific antibody titres comparable to those obtained by immunization with incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA). The ex vivo evaluation of the CD8+ T cell response by IFN-? ELISPOT assay revealed that the injection of polypeptide with OM-174 adjuvant induced, compared to IFA, a similar and an eight-fold increased frequency of peptide-specific lymphocytes in the draining lymph-nodes and in the spleen, respectively. The CD8+ T-cells are specific for the sequence PbCS 245-253, a well-known H-2Kd-restricted CTL epitope, and are cytotoxic as shown in a chromium release assay. Immunization of BALB/c mice with this polypeptide in combination with adjuvant OM-174 conferred a protection after challenge with live Plasmodium berghei sporozoites. The strong antibody and CTL responses observed to a synthetic peptide in mice, the safety profile of the adjuvant and its extensive physico-chemical characterization suggest that OM-174 has a potential use in vaccine formulations for humans.
Immunology not elsewhere classified