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dc.contributor.authorKing, Den_US
dc.contributor.authorHume, Pen_US
dc.contributor.authorMilburn, Peteren_US
dc.contributor.authorGianotti, Sen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:30:31Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:30:31Z
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.date.modified2010-03-03T06:41:07Z
dc.identifier.issn03063674en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/bjsm.2009.061481en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/28074
dc.description.abstractAim: This paper provides an overview of the epidemiology of rugby league injuries and associated costs in New Zealand requiring medical treatment. Method: New Zealand national Accident Compensation Corporation injury data for the period 1999 to 2007 were searched for rugby league injury cases. Data were analysed by demographics, body region, nature/severity of injury, and medical procedure and costs. Results: A total of 5941 injury entitlement claims were recorded over the study period with a significant decrease observed in the injury rate between the 1999-2000 and 2002-2003 reporting years. The total cost of the injuries for the study period was $42 822 048 (equivalent to 㱵 916 072). The mean (SD) number of injury entitlement claims per year was 743 (271) and yearly cost was $5 352 760 (㱠989 880) ($2 485 535 (㹲3 994)). The knee was the most commonly reported injury site (225 per 1000 entitlement claims; $8 750 147 (㳠252 020)) and soft tissue injuries were the most common injury types (474 per 1000 entitlement claims; $17 324 214 (㶠438 599)). Accounting for only 1.8% of total injury entitlement claims, concussion/brain injuries accounted for 6.3% of injury entitlement costs and had the highest mean cost per claim ($25 347 (㹴20)). The upper and lower arm recorded the highest mean injury site claim cost of $43 096 (㱶 016) per claim. The 25-29 age group recorded 27.7% of total injury entitlement claims and 29.6% of total injury entitlement costs, which was slightly more than the 20-24 age group (27.3% claims; 24.7% costs). Nearly 15% of total moderate to serious injury entitlement claims and 20% of total costs were recorded from participants 35 years or older. Discussion: This study identified that the knee was the most common injury site and soft tissue injuries were the most common injury type requiring medical treatment, which is consistent with other international studies on rugby league epidemiology. This study also highlights that the rate of injury and the average age of injured rugby league players increased over time. The high cost of concussion/brain injuries is a cause for concern as it reflects the severity of the injuries. Conclusion: Injury prevention programmes for rugby league should focus on reducing the risk of concussion/ brain injury and knee and soft tissue injury, and should target participants in the 20-30 years old age range. More longitudinal epidemiological studies with specific details on injury mechanisms and participation data are warranted to further identify the injury circumstances surrounding participation in rugby league activities.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.format.extent741082 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherBMJ Groupen_US
dc.publisher.placeLondonen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom595en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto602en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicineen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume43en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchSports Medicineen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110604en_US
dc.titleRugby league injuries in New Zealand: a review of 8 years of Accident Compensation Corporation injury entitlement claims and costsen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright remains with the authors 2009. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. For information about this journal please refer to the journal's website or contact the authors.en_AU
gro.date.issued2009
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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