Religion in Contemporary Xinjiang
The chapter focuses on Islam in Xinjiang, which is the northwesternmost province-level unit in China. It looks briefly at the history of Islam in Xinjiang and considers some restrictions the government has imposed on the religion. Xinjiang is a region of diverse ethnicity, where most ethnic groups, especially the Uygurs, believe in and practise Islam, but where there has been extensive Han Chinese immigration over the last half-century and more. The chapter discusses the relationship between ethnicity and Islam and the ways in which the religion has affected ethnic relations. Finally, it discusses the relationship between politics and Islam, especially since the incidents of September 11, 2001. It speculates that ethnic relations, especially between Han Chinese and Uygurs, are unlikely to improve, but that any independence movements will fail in the short- to mid-term future.
Art, Architecture and Religion Along the Silk Roads
Studies of Asian Society