Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorKlieve, Helen
dc.contributor.authorSveticic, Jerneja
dc.contributor.authorDe Leo, Diego
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T11:38:59Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T11:38:59Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.date.modified2010-09-08T04:57:37Z
dc.identifier.issn1741-7015
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1741-7015-7-52
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/29751
dc.description.abstractBackground: The 1996 Australian National Firearms Agreement introduced strict access limitations. However, reports on the effectiveness of the new legislation are conflicting. This study, accessing all cases of suicide 1997-2004, explores factors which may impact on the choice of firearms as a suicide method, including current licence possession and previous history of legal access. Methods: Detailed information on all Queensland suicides (1997-2004) was obtained from the Queensland Suicide Register, with additional details of firearm licence history accessed from the Firearm Registry (Queensland Police Service). Cases were compared against licence history and method choice (firearms or other method). Odds ratios (OR) assessed the risk of firearms suicide and suicide by any method against licence history. A logistic regression was undertaken identifying factors significant in those most likely to use firearms in suicide. Results: The rate of suicide using firearms in those with a current license (10.92 per 100,000) far exceeded the rate in those with no license history (1.03 per 100,000). Those with a license history had a far higher rate of suicide (30.41 per 100,000) compared to that of all suicides (15.39 per 100,000). Additionally, a history of firearms licence (current or present) was found to more than double the risk of suicide by any means (OR = 2.09, P < 0.001). The group with the highest risk of selecting firearms to suicide were older males from rural locations. Conclusion: Accessibility and familiarity with firearms represent critical elements in determining the choice of method. Further licensing restrictions and the implementation of more stringent secure storage requirements are likely to reduce the overall familiarity with firearms in the community and contribute to reductions in rates of suicide.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.format.extent290220 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherBioMed Central Ltd.
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom1
dc.relation.ispartofpageto9
dc.relation.ispartofjournalBMC Medicine
dc.relation.ispartofvolume7
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMental Health
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical and Health Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode111714
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode11
dc.titleWho uses firearms as a means of suicide? A population study exploring firearm accessibility and method choice
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0
gro.facultyArts, Education & Law Group, School of Education and Professional Studies
gro.rights.copyright© 2009 Klieve et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
gro.date.issued2009
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorDe Leo, Diego
gro.griffith.authorKlieve, Helen M.
gro.griffith.authorSveticic, Jerneja


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Journal articles
    Contains articles published by Griffith authors in scholarly journals.

Show simple item record