Electron Microscopy of biosorbents from maring macroalga Durvillae potatorum
Biosorbents derived from the biomass of marine algae have shown to have high uptake capacities for heavy metals and the internal structure has been generally assumed to be pseudo-homogenous. In this paper, the microstructures of biosorbents derived from Australian marine alga Durvillaea potatorum were analysed using scanning electron microscopy. The structural components of the biosorbent resembled fiber-like cylinders. The internal structure was a highly connected network of cylinders with varying sizes. Methods of drying and pre-treatment of the biomass also affected the details of the internal structure. Calcium chloride followed by thermal treatment provided the most uniform cylinder networks for the biosorbents. Heavy metal Cu2+ and Cd2+ binding in the biomass was confirmed by using an electron probe microanalyser.
HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY