Parametric downconversion and optical quantum gates: two’s company, four’s a crowd
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We show that the primary cause of errors in a broad class of optical quantum-logic gates are due to the higher-order photon terms in parametric downconversion sources. A model describing real-life imperfections in these entangling gates is presented and tested in an experiment where we entangle dependent photons from the same downconversion source using a controlled-z gate, and measure the state tomographically. We find good agreement between the modelled and measured results. Our investigations demonstrate that, although small, these noise terms are amplified by the intrinsic non-determinism of the gates. It is worth considering alternative schemes based on weak nonlinearities to see if they are more resilient to this degradation.
Journal of Modern Optics
Optical Physics not elsewhere classified