The Effect of Ionic Strength, Polyphosphates, pH, Cooking Temperature and Preblending on the Functional Properties of Normal and Pale,Soft,Exudative(PSE) Pork
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Compared to processed meat product made from normal pork, products made from pale soft exudative (PSE) pork have higher cook loss (CL) and weaker texture. In this study interactions between a range of processing conditions (ionic strength, polyphosphate addition, polyphosphate chain length, pH, cooking temperature and time between preparation and cooking), and their effect on the texture [shear stress (SS), true shear strain (TSS)] and CL of gels made from normal and PSE pork were examined. Of the processing conditions studied, ionic strength, polyphosphate addition and polyphosphate chain length affected the functional properties of normal and PSE pork differently. Generally, the functional properties of normal pork were superior to PSE pork, with no combination of conditions making all the functional properties of PSE pork equal to those of normal pork under the same conditions. The combination of conditions that was most effective in reducing the difference between normal and PSE pork was high ionic strength in the presence of added polyphosphate. Under these conditions there was no significant difference in CL between normal and PSE pork, although the texture (SS and TSS) of the PSE pork samples was still inferior.
HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY