A SERS spectroelectrochemical investigation of the interaction of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole with copper silver and gold surfaces
The interaction of the sulfide mineral flotation collector, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, with silver, copper and gold surfaces has been investigated by surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy. 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, the copper, silver and gold compounds of this species, and the dithiolate, 2,2-dithiobis(benzothiazole) were characterised by 13C NMR and Raman spectroscopy to provide a basis for identifying surface species. SERS investigations showed that, at pH 4.6 where the solution species is in the protonated form, and at 9.2, where it is present as the ion, adsorption on each metal occurs over a wide potential range. Attachment of the organic compound occurs through bonding between the exocyclic sulfur atom and metal atoms in the surface. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed that the adsorbed layer was of monolayer thickness. Adsorption of the protonated 2-mercaptobenzothiazole occurs on copper at pH 4.6 at potentials below that at which charge transfer adsorption commences.
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry
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