Annexin 1 regulates cell proliferation by disruption of cell morphology and inhibition of cyclin D1 expression through sustained activation of the ERK1/2 MAPK signal
Cellular proliferation is controlled by the integration and coordination of extracellular signals. This study explores the role of the protein annexin 1 (ANXA1) in the regulation of such events. We show that ANXA1 has a cell-type independent, anti-proliferative function through sustained activation of the ERK signaling cascade. Moreover, ANXA1 reduces proliferation by ERK-mediated disruption of the actin cytoskeleton and ablation of cyclin D1 protein expression and not by ERK-mediated induction of the cyclin-dependent kinase, CDK2, inhibitor p21cip/waf. Finally, ANXA1 regulates the ERK pathway at a proximal location, by SH2 domain-independent association with the adapter protein Grb-2. In summary, overexpression of ANXA1 mediates the disruption of normal cell morphology and inhibits cyclin D1 expression, therefore reducing cell proliferation through proximal modulation of the ERK signal transduction pathway.
Experimental Cell Research
Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified