Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorDiaz-Pulido, Guillermoen_US
dc.contributor.authorJ. McCook, Laurenceen_US
dc.contributor.authorDove, Sophieen_US
dc.contributor.authorBerkelmans, Rayen_US
dc.contributor.authorRoff, Georgeen_US
dc.contributor.authorI. Kline, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorWeeks, Scarlaen_US
dc.contributor.authorD. Evans, Richarden_US
dc.contributor.authorH. Williamson, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorHoegh-Guldberg, Oveen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T13:50:37Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T13:50:37Z
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.date.modified2010-08-13T07:24:07Z
dc.identifier.issn19326203en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0005239en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/33434
dc.description.abstractBackground: Coral reefs around the world are experiencing large-scale degradation, largely due to global climate change, overfishing, diseases and eutrophication. Climate change models suggest increasing frequency and severity of warminginduced coral bleaching events, with consequent increases in coral mortality and algal overgrowth. Critically, the recovery of damaged reefs will depend on the reversibility of seaweed blooms, generally considered to depend on grazing of the seaweed, and replenishment of corals by larvae that successfully recruit to damaged reefs. These processes usually take years to decades to bring a reef back to coral dominance. Methodology/Principal Findings: In 2006, mass bleaching of corals on inshore reefs of the Great Barrier Reef caused high coral mortality. Here we show that this coral mortality was followed by an unprecedented bloom of a single species of unpalatable seaweed (Lobophora variegata), colonizing dead coral skeletons, but that corals on these reefs recovered dramatically, in less than a year. Unexpectedly, this rapid reversal did not involve reestablishment of corals by recruitment of coral larvae, as often assumed, but depended on several ecological mechanisms previously underestimated. Conclusions/Significance: These mechanisms of ecological recovery included rapid regeneration rates of remnant coral tissue, very high competitive ability of the corals allowing them to out-compete the seaweed, a natural seasonal decline in the particular species of dominant seaweed, and an effective marine protected area system. Our study provides a key example of the doom and boom of a highly resilient reef, and new insights into the variability and mechanisms of reef resilience under rapid climate change.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.format.extent666255 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrome5239-1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagetoe5239-9en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue4en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPloS Oneen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume4en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEcological Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEcological Impacts of Climate Changeen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode060203en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode050101en_US
dc.titleDoom and Boom on a Resilient Reef: Climate Change, Algal Overgrowth and Coral Recoveryen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
dcterms.licensehttp://www.plos.org/journals/license.htmlen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2009 Diaz-Pulido et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CCAL. (http://www.plos.org/journals/license.html)en_AU
gro.date.issued2009
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Journal articles
    Contains articles published by Griffith authors in scholarly journals.

Show simple item record