The role of c-jun in PDTC-sensitive flow-dependent restenosis after angioplasty and stenting
MetadataShow full item record
Restenosis after balloon angioplasty and stenting is exacerbated by low flow. Flow-dependent restenosis after angioplasty but not stenting is prevented by the antioxidant pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC). c-jun may play a role in these events as AP-1 activity is both flow and redox sensitive. Carotid arteries of cholesterol fed rabbits underwent stenting or balloon injury in the presence of low or normal flow. c-jun mRNA expression was enhanced by low flow and injury (stent > balloon) and inhibited by the antioxidant PDTC irrespective of the injury type. The effect of locally delivered DZ13 (a DNAzyme specific for c-jun) or scrambled DZ13 (inactive DNAzyme) was assessed by histomorphometry at 28 days. Low flow significantly increased intimal hyperplasia in B and S relative to normal flow (P < 0.05). The active DNAzyme DZ13 markedly reduced intimal hyperplasia (P < 0.001) and increased lumen size (P < 0.05) in balloon-injured but not in stented segments, and abrogated the effect of low flow on restenosis after angioplasty, similar to the morphological effects of PDTC. We conclude that c-jun expression is enhanced by low flow and by injury (stent > balloon) and markedly attenuated by PDTC, and that c-jun is an important mediator of flow-dependent restenosis in balloon-injured but not stented vessels.
Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified