Magnetofluidics for manipulation of convective heat transfer
Embargoed until: 2019-02-01
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We report heat transfer manipulation and control in a magnetofluidic device. The device consists of a circular chamber with a heat source on top and is positioned next to a permanent magnet that creates a non-uniform magnetic field. Convective heat transfer was evaluated and compared for three cases: DI-water, ferrofluid, and ferrofluid under the magnetic field. Experimental results indicate enhancement of convective heat transfer with the use of diluted ferrofluid as the working fluid. However, we observed a reduction in outlet temperature and Nusselt number in the presence of a non-uniform magnetic field. In addition, we report a full simulation of transport phenomena in the system explaining the physics of this phenomenon. The simulation results agree with the experimental data, and show the same trends.
International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
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Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS)