Proportional reactive power sharing for islanded microgrids
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In this paper, droop-based automatic control schemes are presented to control parallel inverter-interfaced distributed generators (DG) in a way that proportional reactive power sharing is possible in islanded microgrids under different structures. This paper modifies the conventional reactive power-voltage (Q-V) droop control strategy used in inductive (L-type) islanded microgrids by implementing voltage control law in overall control operation such that reactive power becomes inversely proportional to the reactive droop gain if the initial values of inverter-interfaced voltage-sources are the same. Reactive power sharing approach for resistive (R-type) islanded microgrids is also included in this paper; in which it is shared depending on rate-of-angle of voltage-sources, i.e., reactive power-frequency (Q-f) droop. The proposed control methods utilize linear modal analysis to design both types of droop-based controllers. A 5-bus microgrid with 4-parallel inverter-connected DG units is considered for simulations under load changing phenomenon where results show the excellency of the designed control schemes.
Proceedings of the 2016 IEEE 11th Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA)
Electrical and Electronic Engineering not elsewhere classified