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dc.contributor.authorWei, Wei
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Xu
dc.contributor.authorWang, Dongbo
dc.contributor.authorSun, Jing
dc.contributor.authorWang, Qilin
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-02T00:45:58Z
dc.date.available2017-06-02T00:45:58Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn1879-2448en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.watres.2017.04.015en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/338667
dc.description.abstractEnergy recovery in the form of methane from sludge/wastewater is restricted by the poor and slow biodegradability of secondary sludge. An innovative pre-treatment technology using free ammonia (FA, i.e. NH3) was proposed in this study to increase anaerobic methane production. The solubilisation of secondary sludge was significantly increased after FA pre-treatment at up to 680 mg NH3-N/L for 1 day, under which the solubilisation (i.e. 0.4 mg SCOD/mg VS; SCOD: soluble chemical oxygen demand; VS: volatile solids) was >10 times higher than that without FA pre-treatment (i.e. 0.03 mg SCOD/mg VS). Biochemical methane potential assays showed that FA pre-treatment at above 250 mg NH3-N/L is effective in improving anaerobic methane production. The highest improvement in biochemical methane potential (B0) and hydrolysis rate (k) was achieved at FA concentrations of 420–680 mg NH3-N/L, and was determined as approximately 22% (from 160 to 195 L CH4/kg VS added) and 140% (from 0.22 to 0.53 d−1) compared to the secondary sludge without pre-treatment. More analysis revealed that the FA induced improvement in B0 and k could be attributed to the rapidly biodegradable substances rather than the slowly biodegradable substances. Economic and environmental analyses showed that the FA-based technology is economically favourable and environmentally friendly. Since this FA technology aims to use the wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) waste (i.e. anaerobic digestion liquor) to enhance methane production from the WWTPs, it will set an example for the paradigm shift of the WWTPs from ‘linear economy’ to ‘circular economy’.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom12en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto19en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalWater Researchen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume118en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Technologiesen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode090703en_US
dc.titleFree ammonia pre-treatment of secondary sludge significantly increases anaerobic methane productionen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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