Behavioural effects of a selective NMDA NR1A/2B receptor antagonist in rats with unilateral 6-OHDA + parafascicular lesions
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Experimental lesions involving the parafascicular (Pf) nucleus and medial forebrain bundle (MFB) may model to some extent the pathological loss of glutamatergic neurons from the centromedian-parafascicular (CM-Pf) complex and nigral dopaminergic cell loss observed clinically at post-mortem in Parkinson's disease (PD) cases. Our study investigated whether there were alterations in symptomatology in such rats with unilateral 6-OHDA + Pf lesions after treatment with either a selective NR1A/NR2B NMDA antagonist and/or l-dopa. Rats were given dual surgery to the MFB with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and Pf with N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA). (i) An NR1A/NR2B selective NMDA antagonist (BZAD-01; 10 mg/kg), (ii) l-dopa (25 mg/kg), (iii) BZAD-01 + l-dopa (10 mg/kg; 25 mg/kg) or (iv) vehicle solution were administered for 6 weeks, during which behavioural testing was performed. BZAD-01 improved postural asymmetry in the first month as well as apomorphine-induced rotation. The latter was also improved by l-dopa in this model. These data support the use of selective NR1/NR2B NMDA antagonists in the therapeutics of PD.
Brain Research Bulletin