Robust building roof segmentation using airborne point cloud data
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Approximation of the geometric features is an essential step in point cloud segmentation and surface reconstruction. Often, the planar surfaces are estimated using principal component analysis (PCA), which is sensitive to noise and smooths the sharp features. Hence, the segmentation results into unreliable reconstructed surfaces. This article presents a point cloud segmentation method for building detection and roof plane extraction. It uses PCA for saliency feature estimation including surface curvature and point normal. However, the point normals around the anisotropic surfaces are approximated using a consistent isotropic sub-neighbourhood by Low-Rank Subspace with prior Knowledge (LRSCPK). The developed segmentation technique is tested using two real-world samples and two benchmark datasets. Per-object and per-area completeness and correctness results indicate the robustness of the approach and the quality of the reconstructed surfaces and extracted buildings.
2016 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing: Proceedings
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Artificial Intelligence and Image Processing not elsewhere classified