An economic evaluation alongside a randomised controlled trial on psycho-education counselling intervention offered by midwives to address women's fear of childbirth in Australia
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Objective: The rate of caesarean section continues to increase, and there is evidence that childbirth fear is a contributing factor. Insufficient evidence is available on the impact of reducing childbirth fear on health-related quality of life and health service use. We undertook an economic evaluation of a psychoeducation counselling intervention offered by midwives to address women’s fear of childbirth in Australia. Methods: Pregnant women (n = 339) with high childbirth fear were randomised to a midwife-led psychoeducation intervention for childbirth fear or to usual care. This paper presents the economic evaluation of the intervention based on health-related quality of life and health service use from recruitment to six weeks postpartum (n = 184). Results: The changes in health-related quality of life after birth (EQ-5D-3L: 0.016 vs. 0.010, p = 0.833, for usual care and intervention) and total health care use cost (AUS$10,110 vs. AUS$9980, p = 0.819) were similar between groups. The intervention did not increase costs; however, in a post hoc analysis, the interventions might be cost-effective for those women with very high childbirth fear. Conclusion: This brief psycho-education intervention by midwives did not improve the health-related quality of life of women, and had no impact on overall cost.
Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare
Paediatrics and Reproductive Medicine not elsewhere classified