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dc.contributor.authorMeer, Mohammed
dc.contributor.authorSiddiqi, A.
dc.contributor.authorMorkel, J.
dc.contributor.authorJanse van Rensburg, P.
dc.contributor.authorZafar, S.
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:30:23Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:30:23Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.date.modified2010-09-17T07:05:47Z
dc.identifier.issn00201383
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.injury.2009.05.003
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/34065
dc.description.abstractPenetrating knife injuries of the face are more common in South Africa than the rest of the world. These injuries can be life-threatening, especially where the major blood vessels of the face are involved. The approach to treatment should be multidisciplinary, beginning with the trauma unit to provide airway maintenance and haemodynamic stabilisation. An interventional radiologist may be consulted for angiography. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively analyse all cases of knife-inflicted penetrating injuries to the maxillofacial region with the knife in situ and subsequently develop a management protocol to be used by maxillofacial surgery registrars when presented with such cases. Materials and methods It was a retrospective, cross-sectional and record-based study, analysing all penetrating knife injuries reported at various hospitals for a period of 11 years. In this study, 24 cases of knife injuries were analysed. Results Twenty-one patients (87.5%) in this series were male and three (12.5%) were female. Of these 24 patients, 13 (54.2%) were coloured and 11 (45.8%) were black. There were no white or Indian patients. Post-surgical recovery of all patients was rapid and uneventful, and there were no fatalities. Conclusion Patients with knife injuries to the face with no definite signs of vascular injury can thus be safely and accurately managed on the basis of physical examination and plain-film radiography. An angiogram is mandatory if the patient presents with excessive bleeding, an expanding haematoma or if the knife blade is in the region of any large vessels.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom77
dc.relation.ispartofpageto81
dc.relation.ispartofissue1
dc.relation.ispartofjournalInjury
dc.relation.ispartofvolume41
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchOral and Maxillofacial Surgery
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchNursing
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110504
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1103
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1110
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1117
dc.titleKnife inflicted penetrating injuries of the maxillofacial region: A descriptive, record-based study
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyGriffith Health, School of Dentistry and Oral Health
gro.date.issued2010
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorMeer, Mohammed


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