Actinomycete Metabolome Induction/Suppression with N-Acetylglucosamine
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The metabolite profiles of three sponge-derived actinomycetes, namely, Micromonospora sp. RV43, Rhodococcus sp. RV157, and Actinokineospora sp. EG49 were investigated after elicitation with N-acetyl-d-glucosamine. 1H NMR fingerprint methodology was utilized to study the differences in the metabolic profiles of the bacterial extracts before and after elicitation. Our study found that the addition of N-acetyl-d-glucosamine modified the secondary metabolite profiles of the three investigated actinomycete isolates. N-Acetyl-d-glucosamine induced the production of 3-formylindole (11) and guaymasol (12) in Micromonospora sp. RV43, the siderophore bacillibactin 16, and surfactin antibiotic 17 in Rhodococcus sp. RV157 and increased the production of minor metabolites actinosporins E–H (21–24) in Actinokineospora sp. EG49. These results highlight the use of NMR fingerprinting to detect changes in metabolism following addition of N-acetyl-d-glucosamine. N-Acetyl-d-glucosamine was shown to have multiple effects including suppression of metabolites, induction of new metabolites, and increased production of minor compounds.
Journal of Natural Products
Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified