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dc.contributor.authorAskeyev, Arthur
dc.contributor.authorAskeyev, Oleg
dc.contributor.authorYanybaev, Nur
dc.contributor.authorAskeyev, Igor
dc.contributor.authorMonakhov, Sergey
dc.contributor.authorMaric, Sasa
dc.contributor.authorHulsman, Kees
dc.description.abstractStudies on assemblages of freshwater fishes along elevational gradients of rivers are lacking, even in Europe. In this paper we have explored the entire range of elevational gradients existing in the European part of Russia. We analyzed how fish biodiversity (species richness, abundance, diversity indices) at 435 river sites differed by elevation. The impact of elevation on the distribution of freshwater fish species was analyzed using regression and ordination methods. For the first time for a large area of Eastern Europe, optimum points and niche breadth for fish species along altitude gradients were estimated. Our analyses showed: (1) species richness and Shannon index decreased in the upper part of the gradient; fish abundance showed a unimodal response to elevation; highest numbers were found at elevations between 250 and 500 m; (2) ordination analysis demonstrated an upstream-downstream gradient of the fish assemblages; (3) regression analysis showed significant preferences for elevation by 19 species, all of which were monotonic; (4) optimum and niche breadth (tolerance) were highly variable between species; only five species (brown trout, grayling, common minnow, bullhead and stone loach) were encountered at elevations above 650 m; and (5) in our region, the habitat of grayling was higher in the mountains, and its abundance (numbers) at extreme elevations was greater, than brown trout. These results show how fish assemblages differ with elevation. Our findings identify the data that can be used for regional environmental monitoring of the state of small rivers and for aquatic conservation.
dc.publisherSpringer Netherlands
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEnvironmental Biology of Fishes
dc.subject.fieldofresearchFisheries sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchFisheries sciences not elsewhere classified
dc.titleRiver fish assemblages along an elevation gradient in the eastern extremity of Europe
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorHulsman, Kees

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