Psychological interventions for symptomatic management of non-specific chest pain in patients with normal coronary anatomy
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Background Recurrent chest pain in the absence of coronary artery disease is a common problem that sometimes leads to excess use of medical care. Although many studies examine the causes of pain in these patients, few clinical trials have evaluated treatment. The studies reviewed in this paper provide an insight into the effectiveness of psychological interventions for this group of patients. Objectives To investigate psychological treatments for non-specific chest pain (NSCP) with normal coronary anatomy. Search strategy We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (2008, Issue 4), MEDLINE (1966 to December 2008), CINAHL (1982 to December 2008) EMBASE (1980 to December 2008), PsycINFO (1887 to December 2008), the Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness (DARE) and Biological Abstracts (January 1980 to December 2008). We also searched citation lists and approached authors. Selection criteria Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) with standardised outcome methodology that tested any form of psychotherapy for chest pain with normal anatomy. Diagnoses included non-specific chest pain, atypical chest pain, syndrome X, or chest pain with normal coronary anatomy (as either inpatients or outpatients). Data collection and analysis Two authors independently selected studies for inclusion, extracted data and assessed quality of studies. The authors contacted trial authors for further information about the RCTs included.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Copyright 2010 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by JohnWiley & Sons, Ltd. This review is published as a Cochrane Review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews [year], [Issue]. Cochrane Reviews are regularly updated as new evidence emerges and in response to comments and criticisms, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews should be consulted for the most recent version of the Review.
Cardiovascular Medicine and Haematology not elsewhere classified