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dc.contributor.authorM. Chepulis, Lynneen_US
dc.contributor.authorJ. Starkey, Nicolaen_US
dc.contributor.authorR. Waas, Josephen_US
dc.contributor.authorC. Molan, Peteren_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:36:30Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:36:30Z
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.date.modified2010-10-04T06:52:17Z
dc.identifier.issn0031-9384en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.physbeh.2009.03.001en_AU
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/34361
dc.description.abstractSucrose is considered by many to be detrimental to health, giving rise to deterioration of the body associated with ageing. This study was undertaken to determine whether replacing sucrose in the diet long-term with honey that has a high antioxidant content could decrease deterioration in brain function during ageing. Forty-five 2-month old Sprague Dawley rats were fed ad libitum for 52 weeks on a powdered diet that was either sugar-free or contained 7.9% sucrose or 10% honey (which is the equivalent amount of sugar). Anxiety levels were assessed using an Elevated Plus Maze, whilst a Y maze and an Object Recognition task were used to assess memory. Locomotor activity was also measured using an Open Field task to ensure that differences in activity levels did not bias results in the other tasks. Anxiety generally decreased overall from 3 to 12 months, but the honey-fed rats showed significantly less anxiety at all stages of ageing compared with those fed sucrose. Honey-fed animals also displayed better spatial memory throughout the 12-month period: at 9 and 12 months a significantly greater proportion of honey-fed rats recognised the novel arm as the unvisited arm of the maze compared to rats on a sugar-free or sucrose-based diet. No significant differences among groups were observed in the Object Recognition task, and there appeared to be no differences in locomotor activity among groups at either 6 or 12 months. In conclusion, it appears that consumption of honey may reduce anxiety and improve spatial memory in middle age.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_AU
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_AU
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_AU
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom359en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto368en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue3-4en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPhysiology & Behavioren_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume97en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_AU
dc.subject.fieldofresearchNutritional Physiologyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode111103en_US
dc.titleThe effects of long-term honey, sucrose, or sugar-free diets on memory and anxiety in ratsen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.date.issued2009
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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