Towards the structure of the TIR-domain signalosome
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TIR (Toll/interleukin-1 receptor/resistance protein) domains feature in animal, plant and bacterial proteins involved in innate immunity pathways and associated processes. They function through protein:protein interactions, in particular self-association and homotypic association with other TIR domains. Structures of TIR domains from all phyla have been determined, but common association modes have only emerged for plant and bacterial TIR domains, and not for mammalian TIR domains. Numerous attempts involving hybrid approaches, which have combined structural, computational, mutagenesis and biophysical data, have failed to converge onto common models of how these domains associate and function. We propose that the available data can be reconciled in the context of higher-order assembly formation, and that TIR domains function through signaling by cooperative assembly formation (SCAF).
Current Opinion in Structural Biology
Biochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classified