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dc.contributor.authorKunarajah, Kuhan
dc.contributor.authorHennig, Stefanie
dc.contributor.authorNorris, Ross
dc.contributor.authorLobb, Michael
dc.contributor.authorCharles, Bruce G.
dc.contributor.authorPinkerton, Ross
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Andrew S.
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-19T01:30:21Z
dc.date.available2018-06-19T01:30:21Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn0344-5704
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00280-017-3309-6
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/344269
dc.description.abstractPurpose: Anthracyclines are a mainstay of the treatment of several childhood malignancies, but their utility is limited by dose-related cardiotoxicity. This study is aimed to explore the link between exposure of paediatric cancer patients to doxorubicin and its metabolite doxorubicinol, and cardiac troponin I (cTnI). Methods: In a prospective pilot study plasma doxorubicin, doxorubicinol, and cTnI concentrations were measured in samples from children undergoing cancer chemotherapy. A mixed-effects population pharmacokinetic model for doxorubicin and doxorubicinol and in combination with a turn-over model for cTnI were developed. Results: Seventeen patients, aged 3.4–14.7 year, treated for a variety of cancers had 99 doxorubicin and 119 doxorubicinol concentrations analysed from samples drawn between 0.5 and 336 h after the start of the infusion. Eleven patients had received previous doses of anthracyclines, with a median cumulative prior dose of 90 mg/m2 (range 0–225 mg/m2). The median administered doxorubicin dose was 30 mg/m2 (range 25–75 mg/m2). Doxorubicin disposition was described by a three-compartment model with first-order elimination and metabolism to doxorubicinol. Body surface area was related to all clearance and distribution parameters and age further influenced clearance (CL, 58.7 L/h/1.8 m2 for an average 8.4-year-old patient). Combined doxorubicin and metabolite exposure stimulated a temporary increase in cTnI in plasma, with a concentration of 11.8 µg/L required to achieve half-maximal effect. Prior cumulative anthracycline dosage received by patients was predictive of an increased cTnI baseline prior to a new doxorubicin dose. Conclusion: Prior anthracycline exposure increased baseline cTnI in a dose-dependent manner, consistent with the known cumulative risk of anthracycline exposure-induced cardiotoxicity.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSpringer
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom15
dc.relation.ispartofpageto25
dc.relation.ispartofissue1
dc.relation.ispartofjournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume80
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPharmacology and Pharmaceutical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode111599
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1115
dc.titlePopulation pharmacokinetic modelling of doxorubicin and doxorubicinol in children with cancer: is there a relationship with cardiac troponin profiles?
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorNorris, Ross LG.


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