Crisis Communication and Sport Public Relations
CHAPTER OVERVIEW Much has been written regarding crisis management (Fearn-Banks, 1994; Gonzalez-Herrero and Pratt, 1995) and public relations (Cutlip et al., 2000; Fearn-Banks, 1994; Gonzalez-Herrero and Pratt, 1995). Most of the crisis management literature deals with case studies on how an organisation handled a crisis and what lessons were learned from the situation, yet few specifically deal with sport crises (Hopwood, 2005). The first major crisis in modern sport occurred in 1919 in US Major League Baseball, close to 50 years after its establishment in 1871. Eight players on the Chicago White Sox conspired with gamblers to throw theWorld Series; this crisis would go on to be known as 'the Black Sox' scandal. Despite crises in sport existing for almost a century it is only recently that crisis management has emerged as an important area of sport public relations. A review of the current literature reveals that little attention has been directed towards addressing how a sporting organisation should manage a crisis. Therefore, this chapter examines the concept of crisis management and crisis communication within sport public relations and within a wider sporting organisational context.
Sport Public Relations and Communication
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