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dc.contributor.authorUtomo, Sulistyoen_US
dc.contributor.authorScott, Noelen_US
dc.contributor.authorJin, Xinen_US
dc.contributor.editorHamed Almuhrzi, Hafidh Alriyami, Noel Scotten_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-12T01:33:09Z
dc.date.available2018-10-12T01:33:09Z
dc.date.issued2017en_US
dc.identifier.isbn9781845416140en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/347847
dc.description.abstractHajj is the pilgrimage to Makkah and it is one of the five pillars in Islam, compulsory for all Muslims who are financially and physically capable. In the past, transportation was by foot, camel and steamship and could take months and years. Hajj was expensive, therefore, pilgrims traded merchandises to pay for their travel expenses. The modern Hajj is different; todaymost of pilgrims travel by air and some stay in five-star hotels. This chapter examines the business of Hajj and its recent development in three periods: prior to European involvement; Hajj business under the Europeans; and Hajj in the twentieth century. The chapter highlights the effect of these changes on the quality of the religious experience, a topic not previously discussed.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherChannel View Publicationsen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.publisher.urihttp://www.multilingual-matters.com/display.asp?K=9781845416140en_US
dc.relation.ispartofbooktitleTourism in the Arab World: An Industry Perspectiveen_US
dc.relation.ispartofchapter14en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom207en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto219en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchTourism not elsewhere classifieden_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode150699en_US
dc.titleThe Business of Hajjen_US
dc.typeBook chapteren_US
dc.type.descriptionB1 - Book Chapters (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeB - Book Chaptersen_US
dc.description.versionPost-printen_US
gro.facultyGriffith Business School, Department of Tourism, Sport and Hotel Managementen_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2017 Channel View Publications. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. It is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the publisher’s website for further informationen_US
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorUtomo, Sulistyo B.
gro.griffith.authorScott, Noel
gro.griffith.authorJin, Xin


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