Structure of CcmG/DsbE at 1.14 Å resolution: High-fidelity reducing activity in an indiscriminately oxidizing environment
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CcmG is unlike other periplasmic thioredoxin (TRX)-like proteins in that it has a specific reducing activity in an oxidizing environment and a high fidelity of interaction. These two unusual properties are required for its role in c-type cytochrome maturation. The crystal structure of CcmG reveals a modified TRX fold with an unusually acidic active site and a groove formed from two inserts in the fold. Deletion of one of the groove-forming inserts disrupts c-type cytochrome formation. Two unique structural features of CcmG—an acidic active site and an adjacent groove—appear to be necessary to convert an indiscriminately binding scaffold, the TRX fold, into a highly specific redox protein.
Biochemistry and Cell Biology not elsewhere classified