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dc.contributor.authorWhitten, Tyson
dc.contributor.authorMcGee, Tara R
dc.contributor.authorHomel, Ross
dc.contributor.authorFarrington, David P
dc.contributor.authorTtofi, Maria
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-29T12:00:50Z
dc.date.available2017-11-29T12:00:50Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn0047-2352
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2017.07.001
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/348922
dc.description.abstractObjective: Numerous operationalizations of persistent offending have been used in the extant research with the assumption that these findings are generalizable. We tested this assumption by comparing the criminal careers of persistent offenders identified by different methods. Method: We examined 38 operationalizations of persistent offending and the groups they identified. Criminal careers were measured using official conviction data from the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development (n = 411). Results: The groups of persistent offenders differed in prevalence rates (ranging from 1.24% to 29.53% of the sample), average age of onset (from 10.86 to 26.07 years), average criminal career duration (from 16.96 to 39.86 years), average convictions (from 4.03 to 23.33, λ ranged from 0.3 to 1.17 convictions per year), and offender overlap (from 0% to 100%, ORs ranged from 0.34 to 787.5). Persistent offenders identified by the Group Based Trajectory Model were least likely to be identified by any other operationalization. Conclusion: Different operationalizations generally identified qualitatively different offenders as persistent, suggesting that the findings on persistent offending in the literature may not be generalizable across studies. However, our analyses are limited to the CSDD, and so further research is needed.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom22
dc.relation.ispartofpageto33
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Criminal Justice
dc.relation.ispartofvolume52
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminology not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode160299
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1602
dc.titleDisentangling Operationalizations of Persistent Offending
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyArts, Education & Law Group, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorHomel, Ross J.
gro.griffith.authorWhitten, Tyson
gro.griffith.authorMcGee, Tara Renae R.


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