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dc.contributor.authorKumar, S
dc.contributor.authorTadakamadla, J
dc.contributor.authorZimmer-Gembeck, MJ
dc.contributor.authorKroon, J
dc.contributor.authorLalloo, R
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, NW
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-13T12:00:25Z
dc.date.available2017-11-13T12:00:25Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn0301-5661
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/cdoe.12321
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/349059
dc.description.abstractAim: To evaluate the direct and mediated associations between parenting practices and dental caries experience in Indian school children. Methods: The target population consisted of school children and their parents (N=1539) of Medak district in the state of Telangana, India. Parents completed a questionnaire that consisted of questions related to socioeconomic status (SES), family structure, the number of children, their own oral hygiene behaviour and parenting practices. Parenting practices were assessed using a translated version of the short form of Parent-Child Relationship Questionnaire (PCRQ) which was found to have two factors, power assertion (ie over control and coercion) and positive parenting (warmth and positive parent-child interaction). Children completed a questionnaire on tooth brushing frequency, dental visiting and sugar consumption practices to evaluate their oral hygiene behaviour, and underwent a clinical examination for dental caries by a single examiner. Path analysis was used to explore the influence of parent-child relationship, SES and other family-level variables on dental caries experience of children. Results: Parents’ oral hygiene behaviour was positively (b=0.18, P=0.009), and power assertion negatively (b= 0.06, P=0.041) associated with children’s oral hygiene behaviours. Families reporting higher SES had children with less dental caries experience (b= 0.10, P=0.028) and better oral hygiene behaviour (b=0.13, P=0.009). Power assertion parenting had an indirect association with dental caries experience (b=0.003, P=0.038). Conclusions: Children had higher dental caries experience when they lived in families with lower SES and used more power assertion parenting practices.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom552
dc.relation.ispartofpageto558
dc.relation.ispartofissue6
dc.relation.ispartofjournalCommunity Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume45
dc.subject.fieldofresearchDentistry not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchDentistry
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110599
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1105
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1117
dc.titleParenting practices and children's dental caries experience: A structural equation modelling approach
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscript (AM)
gro.facultyGriffith Health, School of Dentistry and Oral Health
gro.description.notepublicThis publication has been entered into Griffith Research Online as an Advanced Online Version.
gro.rights.copyright© 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Parenting practices and children's dental caries experience: A structural equation modelling approach, Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 2017, which has been published in final form at 10.1111/cdoe.12321. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving (http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828039.html)
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorZimmer-Gembeck, Melanie
gro.griffith.authorJohnson, Newell W.
gro.griffith.authorKroon, Jeroen
gro.griffith.authorLalloo, Ratilal
gro.griffith.authorTadakamadla, Jyothi
gro.griffith.authorTadakamadla, Santosh Kumar


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