The effect of music on discomfort experienced by intensive care unit patients during turning: A randomized cross-over study
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Research consistently demonstrates that intensive care unit (ICU) patients experience pain, discomfort and anxiety despite analgesic and sedative use. The most painful procedure reported by critically ill patients is being turned. Music diminishes anxiety and discomfort in some populations; however, its effect on critically ill patients remains unknown. This research aimed to identify the effect of music on discomfort experienced by ICU patients during turning using a single blind randomized cross-over design. Seventeen post-operative ICU patients were recruited and treatment order randomized. Discomfort and anxiety were measured 15 min before and immediately after two turning procedures. Findings indicated that listening to music 15 min before and during turning did not significantly reduce discomfort or anxiety. Pain management might effectively be addressing discomfort and anxiety experienced during turning. Given previous studies have identified turning as painful, current results are promising and it might be useful to determine if this is widespread.
International Journal of Nursing Practice
© 2010 Blackwell Publishing. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the following article: The effect of music on discomfort experienced by ICU patiens during turning: A randomised cross-over study, International Journal of Nursing Practice, Volume 16, Issue 2, pages 125–131, April 2010, which has been published in final form at ttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-172X.2010.01819.x
Clinical Nursing: Secondary (Acute Care)