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dc.contributor.authorBartsiokas, Antonis
dc.contributor.authorLuis Arsuaga, Juan
dc.contributor.authorAubert, Maxime
dc.contributor.authorGrun, Rainer
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-02T12:30:31Z
dc.date.available2017-11-02T12:30:31Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn0047-2484
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.04.008
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/351277
dc.description.abstractLaser ablation U-series dating results on a human cranial bone fragment from Apidima, on the western cost of the Mani Peninsula, Southern Greece, indicate a minimum age of 160,000 years. The dated cranial fragment belongs to Apidima 2, which preserves the facial skeleton and a large part of the braincase, lacking the occipital bone. The morphology of the preserved regions of the cranium, and especially that of the facial skeleton, indicates that the fossil belongs to the Neanderthal clade. The dating of the fossil at a minimum age of 160,000 years shows that most of the Neanderthal traits were already present in the MIS 6 and perhaps earlier. This makes Apidima 2 the earliest known fossil with a clear Neanderthal facial morphology. Together with the nearby younger Neanderthal specimens from Lakonis and Kalamakia, the Apidima crania are of crucial importance for the evolution of Neanderthals in the area during the Middle to Late Pleistocene. It can be expected that systematic direct dating of the other human fossils from this area will elucidate our understanding of Neanderthal evolution and demise.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom22
dc.relation.ispartofpageto29
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Human Evolution
dc.relation.ispartofvolume109
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEvolutionary biology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchAnthropology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchArchaeology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchArchaeology of Europe, the Mediterranean and the Levant
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode3104
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode4401
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode4301
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode430104
dc.titleU-series dating and classification of the Apidima 2 hominin from Mani Peninsula, Southern Greece
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorAubert, Maxime


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