An opinion on the distribution and behavior of chemicals in response to climate change, with particular reference to the Asia-Pacific region
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There is a general lack of knowledge as regards the effects of climate change on pollutant behavior. This is particularly true of the Asia-Pacific Region (APR). This region has major significance in terms of global pollutant emission and also displays a wide variety of environments. This review presents the authors' opinions on possible implications of climate change for pollutant behavior in the APR. Although differing responses can be expected across the region, there are clear implications as regards the short- and long-term behavior of pollutants. Effects can be predicted through modeling, but further data are required for model calibration. Nevertheless, it can be predicted that climate change will affect processes including global distillation of persistent organic pollutants, airborne transport of heavy metals, half-life of readily degradable pollutants, and eutrophication in water bodies. Particulates are expected to play a central role in mediating the effects of climate change, and successful predictive models will need to be based on particulate-mediated transport and behavior. Climate change also has the potential to cause an increase in the intensity and frequency of harmful algal blooms in aquatic environments throughout the region, with significant implications for supply of both food and drinking water.
Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry
Copyright 2010 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. This is an electronic version of an article published in Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry, Volume 93, Issue 1 January 2011 , pages 3 - 31. Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry is available online at: http://www.informaworld.com with the open URL of your article.
Environmental Chemistry (incl. Atmospheric Chemistry)